Read "Ignited Minds Unleashing the Power within India" by A P J Abdul Kalam available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get RS. off your first. At the heart of Ignited Minds is an irresistible premise: that people do have Ignited Minds. Unleashing the Power within India. by A P J Abdul Kalam. ebook. Dec 6, Where can I download A.P.J. Abdul Kalam's Ignited Minds on ebook or PDF format? How can I download the A.P.J. Abdul Kalam's book in Tamil for a PDF file How do I download free eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, and Mobi format?.
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4. Jan 27, Pdf Free Download - Ignited Minds Book by Abdul Kalam.. IGNITED MINDS pdf - Free unlimited eBook search and download. http://www. Jan 22, Read online or Download Ignited Minds by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (Full PDF ebook with essay, research paper) For Your PC or Mobile. I have chosen to write about this subject of igniting young minds so that India turns into At first as I was putting down my experiences with youth, I had no idea of what I I found that it would be treating nearly 30 per cent of the patients free.
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Aug 07, Srinivasan Iyer rated it liked it.
Reading this book in , I found it hopelessly sad to imagine how Dr. J Abdul Kalam envisioned a developed India by the year The problems mentioned in the book still prevails today, and we are doing very little about it.
Kalam emphasizes on several issues - like value addition in raw materials which we have in abundance , combining spiritualism and education, religious tolerance and many other relevent issues.
Overall, Ignited Minds was a quick but a powerful read which contains Reading this book in , I found it hopelessly sad to imagine how Dr. Overall, Ignited Minds was a quick but a powerful read which contains patriotic philosophies that every Indian should be conscious about.
Jan 24, Pradeep Thakur added it. Unleashing the Power Within India goes the logical next step and examines why, given all our skills, resources and talents, we, so obviously capable of being the best, settle so often for the worst.
For at the heart of Ignited Minds is an irresistible premise: Kalam offers no formulaic prescription in Ignited Minds. Instead, he take Ignited Minds: Instead, he takes up different issues and themes that struck him on his pilgrimage around the country as he met thousands of school children, teachers, scientists and saints and seers in the course of two years: Aug 09, Sharmila rated it it was amazing.
Song of Youth As a young citizen of india,armed wit technology,knowledge and love for my nation, I realize, small aim is a crim. I wil work and sweat for a great vision, the vision of transforming India to a developed nation powered by economic strength wit value system I am one of the citizens of a billion, only the vision will ignite the billion souls. It has entered into me, the ignite soul compared to any resource, is the most powerful resource on the earth, above the earth and under the earth.
I will Song of Youth As a young citizen of india,armed wit technology,knowledge and love for my nation, I realize, small aim is a crim. I will keep the lamp of knowledge burning to achieve the vision -Dr APJ May 11, Anj seaweed books rated it really liked it.
J Abdul Kalam has inspired us so much. He may not be with us today, but his book surely does with all its ideas and marvellous thought provoking questions to rekindle the spark in the youth of India. Also, every page in itself is a quote. I had a very hard time picking quotes as each and every line is a gem.
Jun 21, Fayyaz Mohammad rated it it was amazing. Some of the lines from the book have touched my heart. I have notd it down. They inspire me very much which i am sharing it here: I think that when a nation doesn't have a vision, small minds take over its affairs. After seven years, no God or Devil will be able to change the child.
View 1 comment. Oct 09, Murali Ryan rated it it was amazing. Nation consist of people. And with their effort a nation can accomplish all it could ever want. To read more follow the link http: Oct 02, ilyas mirza rated it really liked it. Ignited minds when there were no friends , no family,solitude and when strangers laugh at you for who you are and world is pulling you in the darkest deep, you should read ignited minds.
World is full of evil people always trying to pull each others legs and Social life constitutes of staring travellers, society should understand that sex is just a part of life , Life is not a part of sex. Th Ignited minds when there were no friends , no family,solitude and when strangers laugh at you for who you are and world is pulling you in the darkest deep, you should read ignited minds. This book refers to all indian dreams. Ask yourself question of science, science and progress? Dont they go to jobs or for the work or dont they have any passion in their life?
Such different Deity are formed by the different civilizations believing that their gods will protect their soul after death. So the answer that i got from this book is that poverty is the root cause of violence.
Perfection is the disease of a nation. Recently our Former president Abdul kalam hold discussions with scientists of institute of microbial technology , there he was asked which thing today also inspires you? He answered that the quest of getting continously Knowlege inspires me.
After the Kalinga war and the destruction caused of mankind emperor asoka realized the meaning of Ahimsa Dharma to propagate love for human beings creation.
Gandhiji had taught us how to live a happy and virtuous life. The author compares his life with the Dr Wayne Dyer book Manifest your Destiny beautifully where change is crucial. There is a need to integrate spirituality with education in order to generate leaders with utmost ethical values. We are a link of great past to a grand future. The work of 3 mathematicians aryabhata, brahmagupta and bhaskaraharya of india provides the context of albert einstein's remark that 'we owe a lot to the indians who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientifc discovery could have been made'.
Students should compete , innovate, eliminate intruders and get ready to transform india into clean green developed nation where childrens can live in peace and harmony. A teacher once said ,' give me a 5 year child. Triumph is a peaceful kingdom" " You will succeed as a project leader as long as you remember the project is bigger than you" Jun 30, Syed Morshed rated it it was amazing Shelves: Aug 03, Roshni added it.
The book had lot of things taken from the previous one wings of fire. There is hardly any new stuff written. And found it pretty vague as well. The very start and the end was worth reading!
Oct 09, Nitesh Kanthaliya rated it really liked it. The book is meant for self help and to ignite a sense of ownership to achieve the unknown. While the book provides you with a delectable experience, it does not in true sense tells you what exactly to do. However, if you put in some thinking to the writing, you will realize that what Dr. Kalam wants to do is give you a direction.
He has given you a blank canvas and it is an individual, who should take the onus of painting the bets picture of his life.
Some of the thoughts are very provoking and The book is meant for self help and to ignite a sense of ownership to achieve the unknown. Some of the thoughts are very provoking and the phenomenon mentioned is widely prevalent even in organisations. In MNCs, each team works individually. People reinvent the wheel time and again. What the book tells you in the context of a nation fits well for gigantic organizations as well.
Set up your vision and strive to achieve it. As Dr. Kalam says - "When a nation doesn't have a vision, small minds take over its affairs. A man is bounded by only his thoughts whereas thoughts have the power to travel across borders.
Bounded thoughts is an oxymoron, but that is how we have set our lives. We should start unraveling our thoughts. This is my first reading of Dr. Kalam's work and now I realize why was he such a great personality. I have never seen a person as rational as him. He is the epitome of secularism. What he says is very apt - For great men, religion is a way of making friends, small people make religion a fighting tool.
When a person quotes from Vedas and Holy Quran and the Bible, you know how erudite and bohemian the person is. Jul 27, Neil rated it did not like it Shelves: Disgusting, dis grease, non-sense, irrelevant, waste of time or worst than you think.
This is the book written by a person who has a knowledge of English that is it. Any one who knows good English, can be a good writer here in India. This is what the book says. The author certainly has knowledge of science and technology but he is not a philosopher or visionary kind.
This book along with his Revolution shows that he has very very little knowledge of other sectors of the society. And he certa Disgusting, dis grease, non-sense, irrelevant, waste of time or worst than you think. And he certainly is not an authority for the field like economics, healthcare, education or new ideas at all.
What he really posses are great stature in the field of science and technology and good English. He posses no new ideas or any good plan to solve any problem in reality.
His ideas are absurd, irrelevant, irrational, hyper patriotic etc. The author don't posses any new think beyond what west counties and politicians of this country says. He is totally biased towards growth and development of this country which is nothing but the exaggeration by politicians and chauvinist etc.
The only positive thing about the book is his work in the field of science and technology and yes English. There is nothing in this book which is readable. This book can be used as a start by a person who just started reading in English and want to read about India only. Or the one who has no interest in reading anything. My rating is 1 star i. So according to me there is nothing in this book which ignite your mind. Thank you. Apr 09, Sujoy De rated it liked it.
This is my first APJ Abdul Kalam book that I could finish though I must say that some of the description about the missile launches could have been done away with. In this book he talks about the issues that are still haunting India and are holding it back.
He talks about how a defeatist attitude is prevalent among most of the Indians and in order to move forward in the future we need to take inspiration from our golden past. He is a dreamer as well as a thinker and I respect him a lot for his constant endeavour towards making India a better country but I will not be looking forward towards reading any of his other books with eagerness.
The book was written in so some of the things Kalam Sir said in the book might not be relevant in the current scenario. He wants to ignite young minds of the 21st century and make India a developed country by the year A lot of references have been made to his previous books and his famous autobiograhy "Wings of Fire".
It's a good and light read if you wish to know what thoughts and expectations Kalam Sir had for the country wh The book was written in so some of the things Kalam Sir said in the book might not be relevant in the current scenario. Sep 28, Bipasha rated it did not like it. Jan 23, Apra Prabha rated it really liked it. Raj an, and Dr M. Vijayaraghavan for shaping my thoughts with their vital inputs. Sivathanu Pillai has worked with me for a long time and his contribution has been both timely and invaluable in giving shape to ideas and thoughts.
I am fortunate to have his friendship. I am grateful to Mr H. Sheridon who directly keyed in my dictations into his laptop computer with outstanding skill. Tiwari, did his usual craftsmanship with words on the manuscript and I appreciate every bit of that.
Chennai A. It hit the earth with a thud after its engine failed. All of us on board had a miraculous escape. At night, however, a panel of doctors persuaded me to take a tranquillizer to alleviate my perceived shock. The drug made me sleep hours ahead of my usual time — 1 a. I also failed to rise at my usual 6 a.
I imagined a conversation between five people who together symbolize the finest attributes of the human mind and whom I admire deeply. Through their conversation, I sought an answer. In this experience, much more intense and vivid than a dream, though for want of a better word I shall term it that, I saw myself in a desert with miles of sand all around.
There was a full moon and the desert was bathed in its light. Asoka led two lives, one as a ruthless conqueror and the other as a compassionate ruler. The man I stood beside was the one who had just returned from conquest. But victory had been obtained at heavy cost: I saw everyone looking at Asoka who fell on his knees and removed his armour and crown.
His face was pale, reflecting the death surrounding him. He looked at the sky. And he looked down at the horror he had created, making blood flow everywhere. In that moment of beauty and horror — the silver moonlight and the suffering and pain on the ground, when Nature itself seemed to speak out against what he had wrought, Ahimsa Dharma was bom. As I stood by, I wondered. Or many others like them? Has God Almighty faltered in His Creation?
Is the destruction of mankind essential for a Second Creation?
Since we all belong to planet earth, we may give a message to mankind, how people of different races, religions and languages can live peacefully and prosperously together. Is that working? Is there any divine message or doctrine? Divine beauty should enter the human soul and happiness blossom in the body and mind. Is it possible? Triumph is a peaceful kingdom. You will get only that which is ordained for you. God alone is the sovereign. To him government was a sacred trust and he did his best not to betray that trust in any way.
It has all the comforts in it, but one thing is missing: Men like Tagore and Gandhi and their spiritual forebears found the compass. Why can this compass not be put in the human ship so that both can realize their purpose? Perhaps there is so much conflict between peoples and nations because in our pursuit of prosperity and power we have lost sight of ethical values. We must ask ourselves, what is the role of human consciousness?
Does it have a part in political thinking, scientific thinking and theological thinking? Is spirituality acceptable in the business of life? You are the very Consciousness within which arises this phenomenal universe that is not separate from what you are. How can there be a question of anything being acceptable or unacceptable? Everything that we do, any doctrine that we espouse, should be for the good of humankind. Just a few hours before my own mishap, a plane carrying a promising leader and a team of young and talented journalists had crashed, killing all.
What should I do? I looked out of the window. The sun was well up in the sky and there was a soothing breeze. I have always lived in close touch with nature and have always found it a friend, giving without reservation, like the mango tree — people throw stones at it, break off its branches, but it still offers its shade to the weary traveller, and its fruit to the hungry.
Whether it was the sea at Rameswaram, Thumba and Chandipur; the desert at Pokhran; or the gigantic boulders in Hyderabad, nature has always made its presence felt wherever I have worked. It has helped to remind me of the divine force that pervades all of creation. I kept on pondering over my dream. Thus we have Gandhi, and other great saints and teachers who lay down the precepts for a happy and virtuous life, on the one hand, and on the other the death of millions in the Second World War and the dropping of atomic bombs that destroyed entire cities.
Thousands have died in the Bosnia conflict, the Israel— Palestine conflict continues to take lives, and on 11 September terrorists used a new tactic to take lives when they struck at the World Trade Center in New York. At home, in the Bhopal gas tragedy, 30, people died as the result of the carelessness of a multinational company, and thousands more have died in the Kashmir Valley violence.
On 13 December , when the leaders of India were in Parliament, an attempt was made by the terrorists to paralyse the country. Where will it all stop? Are we doomed to destroy ourselves? No, we have to find an everlasting solution. You, the human race are the best of my creations You will live and live. And give and give till you are united. In happiness and pain! My bliss will be bom in you, Love is a continuum, That is the mission of humanity. You will see every day in the Life Tree.
You leam and leam, My best of creations. The five great human beings I saw in my dream lived at different times. In the modern world, there are few examples of human beings who embody the qualities that come from realizing the nature of the mind.
Once a child asked me if I had read the Mahabharata and if so, who my favourite character in it was. The multifaceted characters in the epic represent almost every aspect of human nature, good as well as bad. Today, it is hard for us to find one true Vidura among our leaders. It is hard for us to imagine such an enlightened being and even harder for us to aim for such enlightenment. More discouraging still is the quality of public life today, the low level of discourse and the presence of so much ego, anger, greed, jealousy, spite, cruelty, lust, fear, anxiety and turmoil!
I felt a new determination dawning inside me. My own work and indeed I as a person were relegated to the background. My scientific career, my teams, my awards, all this became secondary. I wanted instead to be a part, of the eternal intelligence that is India. I hoped to transcend myself and discover the inner, higher self that is in us through my interaction with joyous children.
Dr Wayne W. Dyer, in his book Manifest Your Destiny, makes an interesting categorization of them as athelete stage, warrior stage, statesperson stage and spirit stage. It occurred to me that nations too make a similar transition and. The stages do not follow in sequence necessarily; they can be coexistent, with one aspect dominant. In the first, athlete stage, a nation fresh from an independence struggle, or some other transition, embarks on an energetic pursuit of performance and achievement.
This has happened in Japan, Singapore and Malaysia. When a nation leaves this stage behind, it generally enters the warrior stage. Proud of its achievements, it finds ways to demonstrate its superiority over others, perhaps through conquest. Ego is the driving force. Convincing others of its superiority becomes the theme. In the next, big brother stage, the ego has been tamed somewhat and with its newfound maturity awareness shifts to what is important to other nations and societies.
In the big brother stage the nation is still an achiever but it is not so obsessed with proving its strength. The idea is to help others become better. The erstwhile Soviet Union by its developmental role in some countries had adopted this role.
As with the individual, so too with the nation, the transition from the warrior stage to the big brother stage is a rewarding but difficult exercise. There is one stage even higher than this big brother stage. In this, a nation recognizes its truest essence. This can be called the realization stage, and India may have the potential to achieve it. Change is crucial. It brings new thought; new thought leads to innovative actions.
On 15 August , 1 took a decision to go for another change. I had spoken to him of my desire to be relieved on a few earlier occasions too but he advised me to continue and prevailed. As a rocket man too I worked with stages. Each stage is jettisoned after taking the rocket further along its intended trajectory.
In , India launched its first satellite launch vehicle successfully that put the Rohini satellite into orbit and became a member of the exclusive space club. And the programme also gave leaders in technology and management. Today they all are working in various space and defence programmes.
This was my first stage, in which I learnt leadership from three great teachers — Dr Vikram Sarabhai, Prof. Satish Dhawan and Dr Brahm Prakash. This was the time of learning and acquisition of knowledge for me.
These types of strategic missiles will not be available to India from any country, no matter how friendly our relations with it. During this period, three new laboratories and facilities, one in the area of missile technology called Research Centre Imarat RCI at Hyderabad and two other missile test centres, one on the mainland and the other on an island, near Chandipur on the coast of Bay of Bengal, were born with excellent capabilities.
In addition, the nation became strong as capability in critical technologies emerged from laboratories and academic institutions that helped us overcome the constraints of the MTCR. During this stage, I have gone through many successes and some failures. I learnt from failures and hardened myself with courage to face them.
This was my second stage, which taught me the crucial lesson of managing failures. This was a mission well accomplished. Both of these came as spin-offs from missile technologies. It is indeed a roadmap for transforming India into a developed country — the Second Vision of the Nation. Certain experimental work on education, agriculture and also development of a number of villages in an integrated way is currendy progressing. A Cabinet paper on the subject has been moved for approval of the government.
During this third stage, it was building technological strength with institutional partnership, adapting technology to societal needs and formulating the vision for the Nation that occupied me. The helicopter mishap of 30 September made me realize that the time to jettison the third stage had arrived. She emphasized the need to integrate spirituality with education to create a new generation of leaders and entrepreneurs.
He relented this time and I prevailed. Meanwhile I keep visiting schools. During my visits to many states, particularly two of the north-eastern states, Assam and Tripura, and Jharkhand and also a few places in Tamil Nadu, I have addressed thousands of students, about 40, at last count. I have found that I communicate well with this age group; I share their imagination.
Most important, through my interaction with them, I feel I can ignite in their minds a love for science, and through it, a sense of mission for achieving a developed India. Shall I be successful? But what I do know is that there is no greater power in heaven or on earth than the commitment to a dream. Dreams hold something of that energy which lies at the heart of all things and are the binding force that brings the spiritual and the material together.
Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
It had been in my mind for the past few years to undertake research and teaching. For this purpose, combined with my desire to find time to meet schoolchildren, I have shifted to Anna University — my alma mater. What a great feeling it is to be among young people bubbling with creativity and enthusiasm!
What a great responsibility the elders of this country have at hand to guide this tremendous energy in a constructive way for nation building! How can we make up for missed opportunities and the failures of the past?
Self-realization is the focus. Each one of us must become aware of our higher self. We are links of a great past to a grand future.
We should ignite our dormant inner energy and let it guide our lives. The radiance of such minds embarked on constructive endeavour will bring peace, prosperity and bliss to this nation. If I believe I cannot do something,, it makes me incapable of doing it. But when I believe I can , then I acquire the ability to do it even if I didn't have it in the beginning. Seeking the answer I went back to my student days. Looking back it all seems quite incredible. Hard work? Many things come to my mind.
I feel the most important thing was that I always assessed my worth by the value of my contribution. The fundamental thing is that you must know that you deserve the good things of life, the benefits that God bestows.
Unless our students and young believe that they are worthy of being citizens of a developed India, how will they ever be responsible and enlightened citizens? There is nothing mysterious about the abundance in developed nations. The historic fact is that the people of these nations — the G8 as they are called — believed over many generations that they must live a good life in a strong and prosperous nation.
The reality became aligned with their aspirations. I do not think that abundance and spirituality are mutually exclusive or that it is wrong to desire material things. Nature too does not do anything by half measures, as you will see if you look around you. Go to a garden. In season, there is a profusion of flowers. Or look up. The universe stretches into infinitude, vast beyond belief. All that we see in the world is a embodiment of energy. We are a part of the comic energy too, as Sri Aurobindo says.
Therefore when we begin to appreciate that spirit and matter are both part of existence, are in harmony with each other, we shall realize that it is wrong to feel that it is somehow shameful or non-spiritual to desire material things. Yet, this is what we are often led to believe. Certainly there is nothing wrong with an attitude of making do with the minimum, in leading a life of asceticism.
Mahatma Gandhi led such a life but in his case as in yours it has to be a matter of choice. You follow such a lifestyle because it answers a need that arises from deep within you. This was the basis of my decision to contact our young.
To know their dreams and tell them that it is perfectly all right to dream of a good life, an abundant life, a life full of pleasures and comforts, and work for that golden era. Whatever you do must come from the heart, express your spirit, and thereby you will also spread love and joy around you. My first such meeting took place in a high school in Tripura. It was a gathering of students and teachers. After my talk on the second vision for transforming India into a developed nation, there were a series of questions, two of which I would like to discuss.
The first question was: I turned to the teachers and parents present there and told them what a big responsibility they have. I personally believe the full development of a child with a value system can only come from these people. In my own home, when I was growing up, I used to see my father and mother say namaz five times a day, and in spite of their modest financial resources, I found them always giving to the needy around.
My teacher, Sivasubramania Iyer, was responsible for persuading my father to send me to school setting aside financial constraints. It is very important for every parent to be willing to make the effort to guide children to be good human beings — enlightened and hard-working. This triangle is indeed the real role model I can think of. As it is said: Behind the parents stands the school, and behind the teacher the home.
A proper education would help nurture a sense of dignity and self-respect among our youth. These are qualities no law can enforce — they have to be nurtured ourselves. Who are they? Do they belong to our country? I myself was searching for an answer. They are our own people. Sometimes we create them through political and economic isolation.
I looked at the audience, at the people sitting by my side, at the teachers, and at the sky for an answer. In the Ramayana the battle is between the divine hero Rama and demon king Ravana. It is a long-drawn battle that finally Rama wins. In the Mahabharata, there is the battle at Kurukshetra. In this fight between good and evil, Dharma wins again. The battles are many but finally peace triumphs.
In our times too we have seen this battle between good and evil — for instance, the Second World War. It seems to me that both good and ev il will survive side by side. The Almight y does help them both to various degre es! How to minimize the evil through our spiritual growth is a question that has persisted throughout human history. You always give a message to dream. Tell me, why dream?
Dream transforms into thoughts. Thoughts result in actions. Hence, parents and teachers should allow their children to dream. Success always follows dreams attempted though there may be some setbacks and delays. The whole foundation of science is questioning. And as parents and teachers well know, children are the source of unending questions. The children enjoyed this different way of thinking. Teachers and parents also smiled at the answer. During my visit to Assam, I visited Tezpur. I had gone for the convocation ceremony of Tezpur University and also to receive the honorary doctorate conferred on me.
After the convocation, I took off to meet schoolchildren. It was a big gathering of young people. As soon I finished my talk the youngsters mobbed me for autographs.
When I finished giving autographs I faced two interesting questions. One was: Grownups tend to see more impossibilities. It was such a powerful question, I was completely beaten. I was sure even the Prime Minister would not have been able to answer it! That these would bring them prosperity some day but meanwhile they were flowing wastefully into the sea and causing floods every year.
How to answer it? They can overcome the negativity of the bureaucracy and some self- centred policies of the state governments to enrich the people of the country.
They can even improve coordination between the states and the Centre. And they surely will! Another student asked me a question for which again I had no ready answer. We see our Prime Minister often going to Chennai, Lucknow, and many places.
But he never comes here. We want him; we want to talk to him. I later narrated this to the Prime Minister. Maybe the security cordon has created a separation. I have visited Jharkhand a number of times after its formation. Every time I visit it, I am struck by the tremendous resources that wait to be harnessed in the state, which will multiply its wealth manifold. At the Sri Ramakrishna High School, Bokaro, I addressed a gathering of about 3, students and saw their creativity on display in an exhibition of their paintings, toys and other items made by them.
We have forests, streams and hills. Why is it that we have a desert in Rajasthan? But once the Indira Gandhi Canal was constructed agriculture became possible in many places. It is possible for man to transform the desert into a fertile land. Visionary action is needed. When you grow up you will probably be part of reconstructing this nation and giving shape to these thoughts. Particularly America is our friend. Agni symbolizes our strength. It shows that India has all the capabilities.
I went there at the invitation of Justice Ranganath Mishra. For me, it was a revelation, how the independence movement, the first vision for the nation, had created the larger-than-life figure of Justice Harihar Mahapatra. He lived to the age of ninety-two and established Cuttack Eye Hospital, Utkal University and above all organized multi-pronged efforts to remove poverty. My biography in Oriya was released.
At the end of my speech the youngsters crowding around put forth many questions. I cherish reading them. You cannot treat one and ignore the other. In particular, children who dream of becoming doctors should read the book.
They will learn that the human body is not a mechanical system; it is a very intelligent organism with a most intricate and sensitive feedback system. It illuminates how we live and has been an invaluable guide to me - for fifty years. And the Holy Quran is, of course, a constant companion. Reports he read in the media led him to think so, he said. It may even be genetic!
This is a capability only four countries in the world have. I have selected only eleven questions here from among the hundreds of questions I have been asked during the course of meeting 40, high school students so far. The question is: Can we give our children a role model? And how? At the dawn of the new millennium came the news that the human genome had been decoded.
All the 30, genes that human beings carry today, we are told, are identical to those of our Stone Age ancestors who lived thousands of years ago. One of the traits that has come down to us from them, along with others that are needed for survival, is the desire for achievement. It is said that nature gave us this instinct because the need to achieve, like the need to reproduce, the need to eat, the need to drink and the need to breathe, is simply too important to be left to chance.
History shows the hunger for achievement is a highly evolved one and undoubtedly the strongest one. We tend to forget it but it underlines much of our experience. Most important, without it, how would we learn and grow, aspire to greater perfection?
At work in that and any other endeavour was this same desire to exceed the limits. As we try and excel, role models play a guiding role. The power of Vikram Sarabhai was such that others took up his vision and completed it long after he was no more. For you it could be someone else whom you admire — a sportsperson, a teacher, a successful entrepreneur. I recently had the chance to meet a legendary personality, a role model herself. Lata Mangeshkar was presiding over a function in remembrance of her father, Master Deenanath Mangeshkar.
I visited the hospital just before the inauguration. I found that it would be treating nearly 30 per cent of the patients free.
Her songs played over the radio have brought pleasure to countless hearts over the decades. Few people can claim to have influenced the lives of millions in such a delightful way. Role models can help us focus on what is correct for us as individuals, as groups and, of course, as a nation. They can also lead us to great success.
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We seem to have gotten carried away with the success of a few in the field of information technology. But that is indeed nothing compared to what we can and should achieve. Ancient India was a knowledge society and a leader in many intellectual pursuits, particularly in the fields of mathematics, medicine and astronomy. A renaissance is imperative for us to once again become a knowledge superpower rather than simply providing cheap labour in areas of high technology.
When they grow, who can be the role models? Mother, father and elementary schoolteachers play a very important part as role models. When the child grows, the role models will be national leaders of quality and integrity in every field including politics, the sciences, technology and industry.
Boldness has genius, power and magic in it. Begin it now. For them, the nation was bigger than themselves and they could draw thousands to act upon their dreams. Totadri Iyengar. As a young student I saw Prof.
Totadri Iyengar — a unique, divine-looking personality — walking through the college campus every morning and teaching mathematics to the students of B. Honours and M. The students looked at him with awe as one would at a guru, which indeed he was. When he walked, knowledge radiated all around. He used to talk about Prof. Totadri Iyengar with deep respect and would organize integrated classes for first year B.
Honours and first year B. Physics to be taught by him. I also had the opportunity to attend some of these classes, particularly on the subjects of modern algebra and statistics. When we were in first year B. Totadri Iyengar used to give lecture series.
He spoke for nearly one hour. The lecture still rings in my ears. Let me share with you my thoughts about some ancient mathematicians, glimpses of whom I saw in Prof. Totadri Iyengar in my own way. Aryabhata, born in ad in Kusumapura now called Patna , was an astronomer and mathematician. He was reputed to be a repository of all the mathematical knowledge known at that point of time.
He was only twenty-three years old when he wrote Aryabhatiyam in two parts. The text covers arithmetic, algebra and trigonometry and, of course, astronomy. He gave formulae for the areas of a triangle and a circle and attempted to give the volumes of a sphere and a pyramid. To celebrate this great astronomer, India named its first satellite launched in Aryabhata. He wrote the Brahma Sphuta Siddhanta at the age of thirty.
He updated works of astronomy. He covered progressions and geometry. He also studied and gave what is known as the solution of indeterminate equations of different degrees as well as solutions to quadratic equations. Bhaskaracharya was another unique intellectual of his time. He was bom in ad at Vijjalbada, located at what is now the border of Karnataka and Maharashtra. He wrote the famous Siddhanthasiromani in four chapters.
He lived only for thirty- three years and had no practical formal education or means of living. Yet, his inexhaustible spirit and love for his subject enabled him to make a vast contribution to mathematical research and some of his contributions are still under serious study, engaging the efforts of mathematicians to establish formal proofs. Ramanujan was a unique Indian genius who could melt the heart of as rigorous a mathematician as Prof. Hardy of Trinity College, Cambridge.
In fact, it is not an exaggeration to say that it was Hardy who discovered Ramanujan for the world. Why do not our reputed scientists locate another Ramanujan in our schools?
Hardy, while rating geniuses on a scale of , put most of them in the range of around 30, giving a rating of 60 to the rare exception. However, for Ramanujan, he suggested, only the value of would fit. There can be no better tribute to either Ramanujan or to the Indian heritage. I hope that eminent teachers who teach and inspire the young students of mathematics will continue their unmatched and noble services in the years to come, thus ensuring the march of Indian brilliance in this field.
Chandrasekhar, the astrophysicist, continued the Indian mathematics tradition in his work abroad.
Be Here Now: Open Your Mind to Spirituality
Of course mathematics is universal. Now the tradition will further blossom with the efforts of Prof. Seshadri, Prof. Narasimhan, Prof. Varadhan, Prof. Raghunathan, Prof. Narender Karmakar and Prof. Ashok Sen, among others. Sir C. Raman started his career in the Office of the Accountant General, Calcutta. But the scientist in him would not let him rest and he was always probing for answers to some of the problems that interested him.
Fortunately, he was supported by the great educationist Ashutosh Mukheijee, who encouraged Sir C. Raman to pursue his research. It is noteworthy that the Raman Effect, the discovery of which brought him the Nobel prize, did not come out of a grand establishment set up at vast expense. I believe the urge to show to the world the excellence of Indian minds would have been a major motivating factor for Sir C.
The same is the case with Prof. Chandrasekhar, also a Nobel laureate for his work on black holes. There are some interesting statements in his biography Chandra by Kameshwar C.
Bose, C. Raman, Meghnad Saha, Srinivasa Ramanujan, and Rabindranath Tagore, by their achievements in scientific and creative endeavours, became national heroes along with Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, and a host of others. Between and , we had suddenly five or six internationally well-known men. I myself have associated this remarkable phenomenon with the need for self-expression, which became a dominant motive among the young during the national movement.
It was a part of the national movement to assert oneself. India was a subject country, but. Here I would like to quote Sir C. Success can only come to you by courageous devotion to the task lying in front of you. I can assert without fear of contradiction that the quality of the Indian mind is equal to the quality of any Teutonic, Nordic or Anglo-Saxon mind. What we lack is perhaps courage, what we lack is perhaps driving force, which takes one anywhere.
We have, I think, developed an inferiority complex. I think what is needed in India today is the destruction of that defeatist spirit. We need a spirit of victory, a spirit that will carry us to our rightful place under the sun, a spirit which can recognize that we, as inheritors of a proud civilization, are entitled to our rightful place on this planet.
If that indomitable spirit were to arise, nothing can hold us from achieving our rightful destiny. What we should note is that the movement for independence generated the best of leaders in arts, science, technology, economics, history and literature who stand with the best in the world. In more recent times too we have seen the emergence of great visionary scientists.
Particularly, I was interested in the lives of three scientists — Dr D. Kothari, Dr Homi J. Bhabha and Dr Vikram Sarabhqi. I wanted to learn more about their leadership qualities in the scientific and technological fields which helped link these to the development of the nation.
Kothari, a professor at Delhi University, was an outstanding physicist and astrophysicist. He is well known for ionization of matter by pressure in cold compact objects like planets. Kothari set a scientific tradition in Indian defence tasks when he became Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister in The first thing he did was to establish the Defence Science Centre to do research in electronic materials, nuclear medicine and ballistic science.
He is considered the architect of defence science in India. We are celebrating this great mind through a research chair at the Indian Institute of Science. Dr Bhabha did research in theoretical physics at Cambridge University. From to , Homi Bhabha carried out research relating to cosmic radiation. In , he joined Sir C. Raman at IISc, Bangalore. Later, he founded the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research with focus on nuclear and mathematical sciences.
He established the Atomic Energy Commission in These science institutions generated further technological centres keeping nuclear science as the vital component. Dr Sarabhai, the youngest of the three, had worked with Sir C.
Raman in experimental cosmic rays. He established the Physical Research Laboratory at Ahmedabad with space research as the focus. His vision led to the establishment of ISRO with its allied centres responsible for development of launch vehicles, satellites, mission management and applications. These three Indian scientists, all of them physicists, started physics research institutions that blossomed into defence technology, nuclear technology and space technology, which now employ 20, scientists in centres spread around the country.
It is essential that technologies that give immediate benefits to the people be taken up for implementation by the system regardless of which party is in power. Another important message conveyed by these scientists is that basic science is vital for growth of technology and for developing new leaders in science.
Let us learn from them the proven qualities of leadership to value science and technology in an integrated way. In , Dr Sarabhai and Dr Bhabha were looking for a site to establish the space research station in the equatorial region. Thumba in Kerala was found most suitable as it was near the equatorial region and was ideally suited for ionospheric research.
The locality, however, was inhabited by thousands of fishermen living in the villages there. As such, the acquisition of the land did not move any further. Dr Peter Bernard Pereira, on a Saturday and requested transfer of the property. The Bishop smiled and asked him to meet him the next day. Science seeks truth that enriches human life. The higher level of religion is spirituality. The spiritual preachers seek the help of the Almighty to bring peace to human minds.
It was indeed a great experience working with Dr Sarabhai from to Though the nation was in its technological infancy, Dr Sarabhai was dreaming of developing our own satellite launch vehicles. These would be used to launch from Indian soil remote sensing satellites in sun- synchronous orbit and communication satellites in geosynchronous orbit.
I wrote briefly in Wings of Fire about this episode. I was given the design project of the fourth stage of SLV-3, that is, the upper stage rocket, which would give the final velocity to put Rohini into orbit. This fourth stage uses an advanced composite material that provides high strength with minimum weight. It also has maximum loading of high energy solid propellant.
While we were developing the design of this upper stage in , I received a call from Dr Sarabhai from Ahmedabad stating that he would be visiting Thiruvananthapuram along with Prof. I was asked to give a presentation about the fourth stage to Prof. When the presentation was over, we realized that the SLV-3 fourth stage was also being considered as upper stage for the French Diamont P-4 launch vehicle. The CNES needed an apogee rocket motor nearly double the propellant weight and also size of the stage that we had designed.
I mention this episode because at the time this decision was taken, we ourselves were in the design stage! Development work on this stage started ahead of the other stages of SLV With our motivation thus boosted, work proceeded in full swing. A series of reviews took place between the two teams and the fourth stage graduated from drawing board to developing stage.
Unfortunately in , Dr Sarabhai passed away, and at the same time the French government called off the Diamont P-4 programme. Once the fourth stage was developed and a series of tests was going on, a new requirement appeared on the horizon, in the form of India building a small communication satellite to be launched by the European Ariane launch vehicle. This achievement came as a fantastic fillip to the rocket technologists in the country.
The visionary may not be with us today but his vision gets realized. The dream of Dr Sarabhai was shaped into reality by Prof. Satish Dhawan. Dhawan structured and nurtured ISRO with a space profile and his work led to many significant accomplishments and benefits from a number of remote sensing and communication satellites.
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle accomplished the feat of launching multiple satellites for India and other countries, injecting them in different orbits in a single mission. I learned an important lesson in management from Prof. It is a lesson that has been of abiding value all through the other projects I have worked on. The other thing I have learnt after more than forty years of working in three departments in various projects and programmes is that you will succeed as a project leader as long as you remember that the project is bigger than you.
Wherever the project leader tries to make himself out to be bigger than the project, the enterprise suffers.
The PSLV weighed about tonnes at take-off. Dhawan wanted to study an alternative and simple configuration. I and some of my colleagues, A. Sivathanu Pillai, N. Sundarrajan and K. Padmanaba Menon, carried out mission, technology and feasibility studies for the optimal configuration.
The team designed several options, including a unique core vehicle with an advanced solid propellant booster, using first stage rockets of SLV-3 as strap- ons. Dhawan used to come almost daily to my small room, which was close to his office, and debate the possible configuration choice.
He was himself a foremost aerodynamic specialist with mathematics and system engineering background, and would illustrate his ideas on the blackboard and ask us to do more homework. We also studied the growth opportunities of PSLV with cryogenic upper stage as a GSLV and the possibility of launching due-east geosynchronous missions. Detailed examination and debate, taking the long- term plans into account, took place and they chose the PSLV configuration as proposed by my launch vehicle team.
Dhawan considered the future scenario of operationalization of PSLV and GSLV, bearing in mind the satellites and application programmes, and decided on this unique configuration and evolved the roadmap for ISRO for the next fifteen years. I and Prof.
A memorable day for me is 31 May Dhawan gave me a send-off in an unconventional way. He called an ISRO council meeting to. I made a presentation to the directors of the ISRO centres on performance and cost-effectiveness of our launch vehicles and the growth profile. Dhawan broke the news that he had given me to DRDO.
This decision indeed gave me a change that led to progress in a different field. This is close to the direction envisaged in the early s by Prof. The recognition of ISRO as a successful organization was due to the strong foundation and space profile envisioned by him.
One test of leadership is also how well successors are able to carry forward a programme. Rao and Dr K. Kasturirangan brought further success and glory to the organization. After his retirement Prof. Dhawan continued as a member of the Space Commission and in that capacity continued to help the organization which he built. Remarkably, Prof. Dhawan saw the space missions envisioned by him come into being in his lifetime.
What a great personality he was! The first stage of SLV-3 became handy to configure Agni as a long-range deterrent. Both Prithvi and Agni are in production and induction phase. Trishul, which is a surface-to-air missile, and Akash, once development is complete, will be contemporary missiles.
The third generation anti-tank Nag will dominate as one of the best such missiles. But this should not deter us. My experience in dealing with the network of institutions that has been established is that our country has tremendous potential to develop the best technologies in this field.
The natural course of action appeared to be the supersonic cruise missile, which is essential in tactical warfare. Many countries have cruise missiles, but they fly at subsonic speed.
Our association with one of the Russian institutes, NPO Mashinostroyenia, developed into a partnership in the joint design and development of supersonic cruise missile system. This partnership is based upon friendship and equal competencies.
Yefremov, Director General of NPO Mashinostroyenia, an outstanding scientist of our time, who had developed seven types of cruise missiles and inducted the systems in the Russian Navy. Creating a joint venture between India and Russia in high-technology projects in the prevailing situation in the s became a complex question and a challenge to both Dr Yefremov and me. Dr Yefremov took me to his technology centres which are not normally shown to any foreigner. He truly treated me as a friend and arranged an Indian lunch in his laboratory.
I took him to the Research Centre Imarat, an advanced missile technology centre at Hyderabad. He was genuinely pleased to see the strides we had made. Our scientific minds merged and our friendship blossomed. The dual role, an exceptional decision of the government, was essential to ensure the success of this venture.
A new kind of joint venture came into existence, one which bridged the scientific community and industry of the two countries in design, development, production and marketing of an advanced technology weapon. It was a source of great joy for me, as it was for the two teams. The first flight of BrahMos on 12 June from the Interim Test Range, Chandipur, was a milestone signalling the progress of the joint venture.
Dr Yefremov and I are glad that both India and Russia have realized that this joint venture is the right way to bridge two friendly nations for building high-technology weapon systems that could enter the world market. My dream of marketing an advanced weapon system ahead of the so-called developed countries will come true through BrahMos, even though I am away from the scene.
The team that I built has performed creditably. I am happy. As I went around the Amul establishment, I saw value addition at work. From milk the cooperative has branched off to making numerous derivatives, including butter, cheese and ice- cream. These initiatives have given it the strength to be a major player in a highly competitive market. When I asked him what, in his view, was one sure way of launching the country on a growth trajectory, his answer was: Without their involvement we cannot succeed.
With their involvement we cannot fail. I asked him if cancer was some unmitigated curse. Yes and no, said the seventy-seven-year-old Albert Einstein Professor of Radiology. Yes, because we genetically inherit certain traits which make us vulnerable to cancer. Research, into how the brain can influence immune response has given rise to the new field called Psycho-Neuro-Immunology PNI. Other fields of research include Psycho-Neuro- Cardiology PNC , the study of the mind- heart connection, or Psycho-Neuro- Haematology PNH , the study of how the mind can influence blood-related disorders, such as clotting problems in haemophilia.
Such is the power of thought! These are diseases which normally require intensive treatment. But even here, medicine acknowledges that our minds can play a major role. India needs visionaries of the stature of J. Tata, Vikram Sarabhai, Satish Dhawan and Dr Verghese Kurien, to name a few, who can involve an entire generation in mission-driven programmes which benefit the country as a whole.
They are: The combination of the two will make the Nation truly strong and prosperous. A always tell the young to dream. When as a child Einstein first saw a compass he was fascinated by the way the needle moved whenever he changed direction.
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