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Mossad - The Greatest Missions of the Israeli Secret Service ebook by In Mossad, authors Michael Bar-Zohar and Nissim Mishal take us behind the . ISBN: ; Language: English; Download options: EPUB 2 (Adobe DRM). And more so than ever before, the Mossad's intelligence gathering and To locate a specific passage, please use your ebook reader's search tools. Abd el Hir. Mossad [electronic resource (EPUB eBook)]: the greatest missions of the Israeli Secret Service / Michael Bar-Zohar and Online Access: Go to download page.

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Mossad: The Greatest Missions of the Israeli Secret Service eBook: Michael Bar- Zohar, Nissim Mishal: Kindle Store. INTERNATIONAL BESTSELLER The Greatest Missions of the Israeli Secret Service For decades, Israel's renowned security arm, the Mossad, has been widely. No intelligence service is surrounded by more myth and mystery than Israel's Mossad. Hailed by the CIA as 'the best in the world', it is held in awe by its friends .

Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. It's Khrushchev's Speech. Acknowledgments Bibliography and Sources Index About the Authors Copyright About the Publisher Introduction Alone, in the Lion's Den O n November 12, , a tremendous ejqDlosion destroyed a secret missile base close to Tehran, killing seventeen Revolutionary Guards and reducing dozens of missiles to a heap of charred iron. General Hassan Tehrani Moghaddam, the "father" of the Shehab long-range missiles, and the man in charge of Iran's missile program, was killed in the cjqDlosion. But the secret target of the bombing was not Moghaddam It was a solid -fuel rocket engine, able to carry a nuclear missile more than six thousand mUes across the globe, fromlran's underground sUos to the U. Since its inception more than sixty years ago, the Mossad has served fearlessly and secretly against the dangers threatening Israel and the West. And more so than ever before, the Mossad's intelligence gathering and operations affect American security abroad and at home.

Some claimed to have seen him disguised as an Arab, leisurely riding a donkey in the treacherous Gaza alleys. His infirmity didn't coolhis determination to carry out the most dangerous operations. His views were simple. There are enemies, bad Arabs who want to kUlus, so we have to kill them first. Within the unit, Dagan created "Rimon," the first undercover Israeli commando unit, which operated in Arab disguise deep in enenty strongholds.

In order to move freely in Arab crowds and reach their targets undetected, they had to operate in disguise. They quickly became known as "Arik's hit team" and rumors had it that they often killed captured terrorists in cold blood.

Sometimes, it was said, they escorted a terrorist to a dark alley, and told him "Y u've got two minutes to escape"; when he tried, they shot himdead. Sometimes they would leave behind a daggerora gun, and when the terrorist reached for it, he would be killed on the spot.

Joumalists wrote that, every morning, Dagan would go out to the fields, use one hand for peeing and the other for shooting at an empty Coke can. Dagan dismissed such reports. Almost every night Dagan 's people donned women's or fishermen's disguises and went in search of known terrorists. In mid-January , posing as Arab terrorists in the north of the Strip, they lured Fatah members into an ambush, and in the gunfight that erupted, the Fatah terrorists were killed.

On January 29, , this time in uniform, Dagan and his men traveled in two jeeps to the outskirts of the JabaUa camp a Palestinian refugee camp. Their paths crossed with a taxi, and Dagan recognized, among its passengers, a notorious terrorist, Abu Nimer He ordered the jeeps to stop and his soldiers surrounded the cab.

Dagan approached, and at that moment Abu Nimer stepped out, brandishing a hand grenade. Staring at Dagan, he pulled its pin. For that action he was awarded the Medal of Courage.

It's been claimed that after tossing away the grenade, Dagan killed Abu Nimer with his bare hands. It was not the Wild West, where everybody was trigger-happy. We never harmed women and children. We attacked people who were violent murderers. We hit them and deterred others. To protect civilians, the state needs sometimes to do things that are contrary to democratic behavior. It is true that in units like ours the outer limits can become blurred. That's why you must be sure that your people are of the best quality.

The dirtiest actions should be carried out by the most honest men. D emocratic or not — Sharon, Dagan, and their colleagues largely annihilated terrorism in Gaza, and for years the area became quiet and peaceful. But some maintain that Sharon half-jokingly said of his loyal aide: He was bom MeirHuberman in in a train car, on the outskirts of Herson, in the Ukraine, while his fainily was escaping from Siberia to Poland.

Most of his family had perished in the Holocaust. Meir immigrated to Israel with his parents and grew up in a poor neighborhood in Lod, an old Arab tovm about fifteen miles south of TelAviv.

Many knew him as an indomitable fighter; few were aware of his secret passions: He was a man haunted froman early age by the terrible suffering of his family and the Jews during the Holocaust. He dedicated his life to the defense of the newbom State of Israel. As he climbed the army hierarchy, the first thing he did in every new office he was assigned to was to hang on the wall a large photo of an old Jew, wrapped in his prayer shawl, kneeling in front of two SS officers, one holding a bat and the other a gun.

In the Lebanon War, he entered Beirut at the head of his armored brigade. He soon became the commander of the South Lebanon security zone, and there the adventurous guerrilla fighter reemerged from the starched colonel's uniform He resurrected the principles of secrecy, camouflage, and deception of his Gaza days. His soldiers came up with a new name for their secretive chief.

They called him "King of Shadows. In he was officially reprimanded by Chief of Staff Moshe Levy for hanging out, dressed as an Arab, by the Bahamdoun terrorist headquarters. During the Intifada the Palestinian rebellion of , when he was transferred to the West Bank as an adviser to Chief of Staff Ehud Barak, Dagan resumed his old habits and even convinced Barak to join him The two ofthemdonned sweat suits, as befit true Palestinians, found ababy-blue Mercedes with local plates, and went for a ride in the treacherous Nablus Kasbah.

On their retum, they scared and then astonished the Mihtary Headquarters sentries, once the latter recognized who was sitting in the front seat.

In , Dagan, nowa major general, left the army and joined his buddy YossiBen-Hanan on an eighteen-month motorcycle journey across theAsian plains. Back in Israel, Dagan spent some time at the head of the antiterrorist authority, made a halfhearted attempt to join the business world, and helped Sharon in his Likud electoral campaign.

Then, in , he retired to his country home in Galilee, to his books, his records, his palette, and his sculptor's chisel Thirty years after Gaza, a retired general, he was now getting acquainted with his family — "I suddenly woke up and my kids were grovm-ups already" — when he got a phone call fromhis old buddy, now prime minister, Arik Sharon. The last head of the Mossad, EfraimHalevy, didn't live up to expectations.

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A former ambassador to the European Union in Brussels, he was a good diplomat and a good analyst, but not a leader and not a fighter. Sharon wanted to have at the head of the Mossad a bold, creative leader who would be a formidable weapon against Islamic terrorismand the franian reactor. Dagan was not welcomed at the Mossad. An outsider, focused mostly on operations, he didn't care very much about learned intelligence analyses or secret diplomatic exchanges.

Several top Mossad oflBcers resigned in protest, but Dagan didn't much care. He rebuilt the operational units, established close working relations vidth foreign secret services, and busied himself with the Iranian threat.

When the second, disastrous Lebanon War erupted in , he was the only Israeli leader who objected to the strategy based on massive bombardments by the air force.

He believed in a land offensive, doubted the air force could win the war, and came out of the war unblemished.

Still, he was much criticized by the press for his tough attitude toward his subordinates. Frustrated Mossad officers, who were retired, ran to the media with their gripes, and Dagan was under constant fire. And then, one day, the headlines changed. Flattering articles loaded with superlatives filled the daily papers, lauding "the man who restored honor to the Mossad. They vanished after the killing, long before the arrival of the police.

The victim was Darioush Rezaei Najad, a thirty-five-year-old physics professor and a major figure in Iran's secret nuclear weapons program. He had been in charge of developing the electronic switches necessary for activating a nuclear warhead.

Rezaei Najad was not the first Iranian scientist who had recently met a violent end. Officially, Iran was developing nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, and they claimed that the Bus hehr reactor, an important source of energy built with Russian help, was proof of their good intentions. But in addition to the Bus hehr reactor, other clandestine nuclear facilities had been discovered, all heavily guarded and virtually inaccessible.

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Overtime, Iran had to admit the existence of some of these centers, though they denied allegations of developing weapons. But by then, Westem secret services and local underground organizations had e? In Iran, what could only be identified as "unknown parties" waged a brutal war to stop the secret nuclear weapons program On November 29, , at seven forty-five a. As he passed the car, the helmeted motorcyclist attached a device to the car's rear windshield.

Seconds later, the device cjqDloded, killing the forty -five-year-old physicist and wounding his wife. Fereydoun Abas si-Da vani, another major nuclear scientist. The explosion wounded Abas si-Da vani and his wife. The Iranian govemment immediately pointed its finger at the Mossad. The roles these two scientists played in Iran's atomic weapons project were veiled in secrecy, but Ah Akbar Salehi, the head of the project, declared that the attack had made a martyr of Shahriyari and deprived his team of its "dearest flower" President Ahmadinejad, too, expressed his appreciation of the two victims, in an ingenious way: The men who attacked the scientists were not found.

On January 12, , at seven fifty a. He was on his way to his lab at the Sharif University of Technology. When he tried to unlock his car, a huge ejqjlosion rocked the quiet neighborhood. The security forces that rushed to the scene found Mohammadi's car shattered by the blast and his body blown to pieces.

He had been killed by an explosive charge, concealed in a motorcycle that was parked by his car The Iranian media claimed that the assassination had been carried out by Mossad agents. President Ahmadinejad declared that "the assassination reminds us of the Zionist methods.

But Mohammadi's life, like his death, was shrouded in mystery. Several of his friends maintained that he was involved only in theoretical research, never with military projects; some also claimed that he supported the dissident movements and had participated in antigovemment protests. Yet it tumed out that about half of those present at his fianeral were Revolutionary Guards. His coffin was carried by Revolutionary Guard officers. Subsequent investigations ultimately confirmed that Mohammadi, indeed, had been deeply involved in advancing Iran's nuclear ambitions.

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In January , Dr. ArdashirHosseinpourwas allegedly killed by Mossad agents with radioactive poison. News of the assassination ran in the Sunday Times in London, citing information from the Texas-based Stratfor strategy and intelligence think tank, franian officials ridiculed the report, claiming that the Mossad could never carry out such an operation inside Iran, and that "Professor Hosseinpour suffocated by inhaling fiimes during a fire in his home.

But it tumed out that Hosseinpour worked at an Isfahan secret installation where rawuraniumwas converted into gas. This gas was then used for uranium enrichment by a series "cascades" of centrifuges in Natanz, a faraway, fortified underground installation.

In , Hosseinpour was awarded the highest franian prize for science and technology; two years earlier, he had been awarded his country's highest distinction for military research. The assassinations of franian nuclear scientists were just one front in a much larger war According to the Daily Telegraph in London, Dagan's Mossad had rolled out an assault force of double agents, hit teams, saboteurs, and front companies and brought their strength to bear over years and years of covert operations against fran's nuclear weapons program Stratfor's director of analysis, Reva BhaUa, was quoted as saying: In its purported war against the franian nuclear program, Dagan's Mossad was effectively delaying the development of an franian nuclear bomb for as long as possible, and thereby thwarting the worst danger to Israel's existence since its creation: Ahmadinejad 's threats that Israel should be annihilated.

Yet these small victories cannot atone for the worst mishap in Mossad's history — its failure to expose fran's secret nuclear project at its outset. For several years now Iran had been building its nuclear might — and Israel had no clue, fran invested huge sums of money, recruited scientists, built secret bases, carried out sophisticated tests — and Israel had no idea. Fromthe moment Khomeini's Iran decided to become a nuclear power, it used deception, ruses, and stratagems that made fools out of the Westem secret services, the Mossad included.

Iran's shah, Reza Pahlavi, started building two nuclear reactors, both forpeacefiil and military purposes. The shah's project, begun in the s, didn't cause any alarm in Israel; at the time, Israel was Iran's close ally.

According to the minutes of their confidential meeting, Weizman offered to supply Iran with state-of-the-art surface-to-surface missiles, while the director general of the ministry. Pinhas Zusman, impressed Toufanian by saying that the Israeli missiles could be adapted to carry nuclear warheads.

But before the officials could act on theirplans, the Iranian revolution transformed Israeli-Iranian relations. The revolutionary Islamic government massacred the shah's supporters and tumed against Israel. The ailing shah escaped iromhis country as it fell under Ayato Hah Khomeini's control and into the hands of his loyal mullahs. Khomeini put an immediate end to the nuclear project, which he considered "anti-Islamic. But in the s, a bloody war erupted between Iraq and Iran. SaddamHussein used poison gas against the Iranians.

The use of nonconventional weapons by their vilest enemy made the ayato Uahs rethink their policy. Even before Khomeini's death, his heir apparent, Ali Khamenei, instructed his military to develop new weapons — biological, chemical, and nuclear — to fight back against the weapons ofmass destruction that Iraq had unleashed on Iran.

Soon after, complacent reUgious leaders called from their pulpits to discard the ban on "anti-Islamic" weapons. Fragmentary news about Iran's efforts started spreading in the mid-eighties.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union in , Europe was inundated by rumors about Iran's attempts to buy nuclear bombs and warheads fromunemployed officers or famished scientists in the former Soviet military estabMshment. The Western press described, in dramatic detail, the disappearance of Russian scientists and generals fromtheir homes, apparently recruited by the Iranians.

Reporters with fertile imaginations wrote about sealed trucks rushing eastward fix mEurope, bypassing border controls to reach the Middle East. Sources in Tehran, Moscow, and Beijing revealed that Iran had signed an agreement with Russia for building an atomic reactor in Bushehr, on the Persian Gulf coast, and another agreement with China, for building two smaller reactors.

Alarmed, the United States and Israel spread teams of special agents through Europe on the hunt for the Soviet bombs sold to Iran and the recruited scientists. They came up with nothing. The United States put great pressure on Russia and Qiina to cancel their agreements with fran. China backed off, and canceled its franian deal. Russia decided to go ahead but kept delaying it. The reactor took more than twenty years to build and was limited in its use by strict Russian and intemational controls.

But Israel and the United States should have expanded their search when the leads went cold. The heads of both the Mossad and the CIA failed to realize that the Russian and Chinese reactors were just diversions, a smoke screen for "the world's best secret services.

In the fall of , a secret meeting was held in Dubai. Eight men met in a small, dusty office: The representatives of fran and Pakistan signed a confidential agreement.

A large sumofmoney was transferred to the Pakistanis, or — more precisely — to Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan, the head of Pakistan's official nuclear weapons program A few years before, Pakistan had launched its own nuclear project, to achieve military equality with its archenemy, India. Khan badly needed the fissile substances necessary for assembling a nuclearbomb.

Yet he chose not to make use of plutonium, which is harvested in the classic nuclear reactors, but to utilize enriched uranium Mined uranium ore contains only 1 percent of uranium, which is vital for the production of nuclear weapons, and 99 percent uranium, which is useless.

Khan developed a method for converting the natural uranium into gas, and feeding this gas into a line of centrifuges connected in a chain, called a cascade. With the centrifuges chuming the uranium gas at a mind-boggling rate of , spins a mmute, the lighter uranium separates from the heavier uranium By repeating that process thousands oftimes, the centrifuges produce an enriched uranium This gas, when converted into solid matter, becomes the substance needed for a nuclear bomb.

Khan had stolen the centrifuges' blueprints fromEurenco, a European company where he worked in the early s, and then started manufacturing his own in Pakistan. Khan soon tumed into a "merchant of death," selling his methods, formulas, and centrifuges, fran became his major client.

Libya and North Korea were also clients. The Iranians bought centrifuges elsewhere, too, and then teamed how to make them locally. Huge shipments of uranium, centrifuges, electronic materials, and spare parts arrived in Iran now and then. Large facilities were built for the treatment of raw uranium, for storing the centrifuges, and for converting the gas back to solid matter; Iranian scientists traveled to Pakistan and Pakistani experts arrived in fran — and nobody knew. The franians were carefiilnot to put all their eggs in one basket.

They dispersed the nuclear project among places spread throughout their country, in mifrtary bases, disguised laboratories, and remote facilities. At even a hint that a location night be ejq osed, the franians would move the nuclear installations elsewhere, even removing layers of earth that could have been irradiated by radioactive substances. They also skillfully misled and deceived the inspectors of the Intemational Atomic Energy Agency, fts chairman, the Egyptian Dr Mohamed El-Baradei, behaved as if he believed every false statement of the Iranians, and published conplacent reports that enabled fran to continue with its deadly scheme.

On June 1, , the American authorities saw the true extent of the Iranians' work for the first time. He ejq osed Dr. Khan, described meetings in which he had participated, and named Pakistani ejq erts who had taken part in the franian project.

The facts and figures of Chaudhry's testimony were checked by the FBI and found to be accurate. The FBI indeed recommended that Chaudhry be allowed to stay in the United States as a political refugee — but his amazing testimony was never given any foUow-up. Perhaps out of sheer negligence, American higher-ups buried Chaudhry's transcripts, initiated no action, and did not warn Israel.

Four more years had to pass until the truth about fran would come to light. Suddenly, in August , the franian dissident underground, Mujahedeen elKhalq MEK , revealed the existence of two nuclear facilities in Arak and Natanz to the world media, fri the foUovraig years, MEK kept disclosing more facts about the Iranian nuclear project, which aroused some suspicion that its information came from outside sources.

The CIA was still skeptical and assumed that the Israelis and the British were trying to involve the United States in hazardous operations. Specifically, the QA appeared to believe that the Mossad and the British MI6 were feeding MEK intelfrgence they had obtained, using the Iranian opposition as ahopefixlly credible source.

According to Israeli sources, it was, in fact, a watchful Mossad officer who had discovered the mammoth centrifuge installation at Natanz, deep in the desert. That same year, , the Iranian underground handed over to the CIA a laptop loaded with documents. The dissidents wouldn't say howthey had got hold ofthe laptop; the skeptical Americans suspected that the documents had been only recently scanned into the computer; they accused the Mossad of having shpped in some information obtained from their own sources — and then passing it to the MEK leaders for delivery to the West.

But other evidence now was piling up on the desks of the Americans and the Europeans, who finally had to open their eyes. The rumors about Dr Khan's lucrative and deadly trade spread all over the world.

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Finally, on February 4, , a tearful Dr. North Korea, and Iran, making millions in the process. The Pakistani govemment hastened to grant full pardon to "Dr Death," the father of their nuclear bomb. Israel now became a major source of information about Iran. Meir Dagan and his Mossad provided U. But merely obtaining such intelligence would not suffice for Israel While a fanatic Iran threatened it openly with annihilation, the rest ofthe world recoiled fromany vigorous action.

Israel was left with no choice but to launch an all-out undercover war against the franian nuclear program After sixteen years of colossal ignorance by his predecessors, Dagan decided to act. In January , a plane crashed in central fran. All its passengers perished. Among them were senior officers in the Revolutionary Guards, including Ahmed Kazami, one of their commanders. The franians maintained that the crash was due to bad weather, but the Stratfor group hinted that the aircraft had been sabotaged by Western agents.

Only a month before, a military cargo plane had crashed into an apartment building in Tehran. All ninety-four passengers died. Many were also officers in the Revolutionary Guards and influential pro-regime journalists.

In November , another military aircraft crashed during takeoff from Tehran — and thirty-sixRevolutionary Guards were killed. On national radio, the franian minister of defense declared, "According to material from intelligence sources, we can say that American, British, and Israeli agents are responsible for these plane crashes.

He believed that Israelperhaps might have no choice but to finally launch a ftill-scale, all-out attack on Iran. But such an action, Dagan thought, should only be a last resort. The sabotage began in February The intemational press reported an explosion in a nuclear facility at Dialemthat had been hit by a missile fired from an unidentified plane.

And that same month an ejplosion tookplace close to Bushehr, in a pipeline supplying gas to the Russian-built nuclear reactor Another facility to be attacked was the test site Parchin, close to Tehran. A large crowd of scientists, technicians, and the heads ofthe nuclear project gathered underground, where thousands of centrifuges were churning around the clock.

In a celebratory mood, they came to watch the first test of activating a new centriftige cascade. Everyone waited for the dramatic moment when the centrifuges would be started. The chief engineer pressed the activation button — and a powerful ejplosion shook the huge chamber. The pipes blew up in a deafening blast, and the entire cascade shattered. Furious, the heads ofthe nuclear project ordered a thorough investigation.

CBS reported that the centrifuges had been destroyed by tiny explosive charges attached to them shortly before the test. It also claimed that Israeli intelligence had assisted American agents in causing the Natanz ejqalos ion.

In January , again, the centrifuges became the target of a sophisticated sabotage. The Westem secret services had established Eastern European front conpanies that manufactured insulation material used in the ducts between the centrifuges.

The Iranians couldn't buy theirs on the open market, because ofthe limitations imposed on themby the UN; so they turned to bogus Eastem European companies run by Russian and Iranian exiles, who were secretly working for the Westem intelhgence agencies. Only after the insulation was installed did the franians find that it was defective and couldn't be used.

By May , President George W. Bush had signed a secret presidential order authorizing the CIA to initiate covert operations to delay Iran's nuclear project. Soon after, a decision was made by some Westem secret services to sabotage the supply chain of parts, equipment, and raw materials forthe project. In August, Dagan met with U. Undersecretary of State Nicolas Bums to discuss his strategy toward fran.

Mishaps, sabotage, ejqjlosions have kept occurring in installations throughout Iran during the last seven years.

The CIA also helped protect themfromprosecution by the Swiss authorities for illegal traffic with nuclear components. The father, Frederic Tinner, and his two sons, Urs and Marco, had sold the Iranians a faulty installation for electric supply to the Natanz facility, which destroyed fifty centriftiges.

Time magazine asserted that the Mossad was involved in the hijacking of the ship Arctic Sea, which had sailed fromFinland to Algeria with a Russian crew and under a Maltese flag, carrying "a cargo of wood. Only aftera month did the Russian authorities declare that a Russian commando unit had taken over the ship.

The London Times and the Daily Telegraph maintained that the Mossad had sounded the alarm Dagan's men, they said, had informed the Russians that the ship was carrying a cargo of uranium, sold to the Iranians by a former Russian officer But Admiral Kouts, who leads the fight against piracy in the European Union, offered Time magazine his own version.

Between and , in total secrecy, they built a new installation close to Qom They planned to install three thousand centriftiges in the new underground halls.

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However, in mid, the Iranians realized that the intelligence organizations ofthe United States, Britain, and Israel had full knowledge ofthe Qomplant. Iran reacted right away. Some sources claimed that the franians had caught a Westem spy possibly a British MI6 agent , who had gathered reliable information about Qom; so they disclosed its existence to diminish their embarrassment. A month later, CIA director Leon Panetta told Time that his organization had known of Qom for three years and that Israel was involved in its detection.

The Qomdiscovery permitted a glimpse into the secret alliance that had been forged between three groups engaged in the battle against Iran: According to French sources, the three services were acting together, with the Mossad carrying out the operations inside Iran, and the CIA and MI6 helping the Israelis.

The Mossad was responsible for several explosions in October , in which eighteen Iranian technicians were killed at a plant in the Zagros Mountains that assembled Shehab missiles. With the help of its British and American allies, the Mossad had also eliminated five nuclear scientists. This alliance had been established largely by the efforts of Meir Dagan. From the moment he became the director of Mossad, he had been pressuring his men to establish close cooperation with foreign secret services.

His aides advised him against revealing the Mossad secrets to foreigners, but he brushed off their arguments. In unusual press conferences held outside of Iran, leaders of the Iranian National Council of Resistance revealed the name of the leading scientist in the Iranian project.

His identity had so far been kept secret. Mohsen Fakhri Zadeh, forty-nine years old, was a physics professor at the Tehran University. He was said to be a mysterious, elusive man. Fakhri Zadeh specialized in the complexprocess of creating a critical mass inside the atomic device to trigger the chain reaction and the nuclear e55 losion. His team was also working on the miniaturization of the bomb, to fit it in the warhead of the Shehab missile.

Following these revelations, Zadeh was denied entry into the United States and the EU, and his bank accounts in the West were frozen. The resistance described in detail all his fimctions, disclosed the names of the scientists working with him and even the location of his secret laboratories. This abundance of detail and means of transmission leads one to believe that, again, "a certain secret service" ever suspected by the West of pursuing its own agenda, painstakingly collected these facts and figures about the Iranian scientist and passed them to the Iranian resistance, which conveyed them to the West.

General AU Reza Asgari, a former Iranian deputy minister of defense, vanished in February while traveling to Istanbul He had been deeply involved in the nuclear project. The Iranian services searched for him all over the world but couldn't find him. Almost fouryears later, in January , Iran's foreign minister, Ali Akbar Salehi, tumed to the UN secretary general and accused the Mossad of abducting him and jailing himin Israel.

But according to the Sunday Telegraph in Lxtndon, Asgari had defected to the West; the Mossad had planned his defection and had taken care of his protection in Turkey. Other sources maintain that he had been later debriefed by the CIA and supplied them with valuable information about Iran's nuclear program. A month after Asgari's disappearance — in March — another senior Iranian officer vanished.

Amir Shirazi served in the "Al Quds" unit, the elite force of the Revolutionary Guards, charged with secret operations beyond Iran's border. An Iranian source revealed to the London Times that besides the disappearances of Asgari and Shirazi, another high-ranking officer had vanished: In July , the nuclear scientist ShahramAmiri joined the list of defectors.

Amiri, who was employed at Qom, disappeared in Saudi Arabia during a pilgrimage to Mecca. The Iranians demanded that the Saudis find out what had happened to him. CIA sources disclosed he had been an informer to Westem intelligence for years and had suppHed them with "original and substantive" intelligence.

Amiri revealed that the Malek-Ashtar University of Technology, where he had taught, served as an academic cover for a research unit designing the warheads for the Iranian long-range missiles; Fakhri Zadeh headed that university.

After a year in America, Amiri changed his mind and decided to go back to Iran. He supposedly couldn't cope with the stress ofhis new life. In a homemade video, shown on the Intemet, he claimed he had been abducted by the CIA; a few hours later, he posted another video, disclaiming the first, and then produced a third video, disclaiming the second. He got in touch with the Pakistani embassy, which represented Iranian interests in the United States, and asked to be sent backto Iran.

The Pakistanis helped; in July , Amiri landed in Tehran. He appeared at a press conference, accused the CIA of kidnapping and mistreating him — and disappeared. In December , Iran had arrested ten suspects for spying for Israel and the United States; three worked inside the nuclear installations. In , the Iranians announced that they had dismantled another Mossad cell: In November , they hanged forty- three-year-old Ali Ashtari, who was found guilty of spying for Israel In the course ofhis trial, he admitted meeting three Mossad agents in Europe.

They were said to have given himmoney and electronic equipment. On Decenijer 28, , in the grim courtyard of Evin prison in Tehran, Iranian officers hanged another spy, Ali-Akbar Siadat, who had been found guUty of working for the Mossad and supplying it with information about Iran's military capabilities and the missile program operated by the Revolutionary Guards.

Iranian officials promised that more arrests and executions would follow. But was the year of the greatest setback for the Iranian nuclear project. Was it because of the lack of high-quality spare parts for the Iranian equipment? Because of the faulty parts and metals that Mossad's bogus companies sold to the Iranians? Because ofplanes crashing, laboratories set on fire, ejq losions in the missile and nuclear installations, defection of senior officials, deaths of top scientists, revolts and upheaval among the minorities ' groups — all those events and phenomena that Iran correctly and incorrectly attributed to Dagan 's people?

Or was it because of Dagan 's last "major coup," according to the European press? In the summerof , thousands of computers controlling the Iranian nuclear project were infected with the perfidious Stuxnet virus. Labeled one of the most sophisticated in the world, Stuxnet struck computers controlling the Natanz centrifuges and wreaked havoc. One of the virus's distinctive features was that it could be targeted to a specific system, causing no harm to others en route. Its presence in a corifiuterwas also difficult to detect.

Once in the Iranian system, it could modify the speed of rotation of a centrifuge, making its product useless, without anyone being aware of it.

Observers spoke of two countries as having the ability to carry out such cyberattacks: The truth, though, was that at the beginning of , about half of Iran's centrifuges were immobilized. Dagan's people allegedly delayed Iran's nuclear weapons program with their incessant attacks on so many fonts over so many years: But they couldn't permanently stop it, no matter how good they were, nor how much cooperation they had.

At best, he could slow down the Iranians. Only an Iranian government decision or a massive attack from abroad can put an end to the Iranian dreamof creating a formidable nuclear giant where the Persian Empire once stood. And yet, when Dagan was appointed ramsad the abbreviation for rosh hamossad — head of the Mossad , experts predicted that Iran would reach nuclear capacity in ; the date was later moved ahead to , , And when Dagan left office on January 6, , he had a message for his country: Only when the dagger blade starts cutting into our flesh, he said, should we attack; that dagger blade remains four years away.

Dagan served as ramsad eight and a half years — more than most Mossad directors. He was replaced by Tamir Pardo, a veteran Mossad oflBcer who started his operational career as a close aide to Yoni Netanyahu, the hero of the Israeli raid in Ritebbe, and later distinguished himself as a daring agent, an expert in new technologies, and a creative planner of unusual operations.

When passing the torch to Pardo, Dagan spoke of the terrible solitude of the Mossad agents operating in enemy countries, when they have no one to turn to, no one to rescue themin case of need. He also candidly admitted some of his failures; the most important being lack of success in finding the place where Hamas was hiding the Israeli soldier Qlad ShaUt, kidnapped five years ago.

ShaUt was later released in exchange for hundreds of Palestinian terrorists. Yet, despite such failings, Dagan's achievements honor him as the best ramsad so far Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu thanked him "in the name of the Jewish people" and hugged him warmly. In an unprecedented, spontaneous reaction, the Israeli cabinet ministers stood up and applauded the sixty-five-year-old ramsad.

George W. Bush saluted him in a personal letter But the most important tribute to Dagan came a year before, from a foreign source, the Egyptian daily Al-Ahram, a newspaper known for its virulent and hostile criticismof Israel.

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Every senior franian leader knows that the key word is 'Dagan. He works quietly, far from the media attention. But in the last seven years he has landed painful blows on the franian nuclear project and stopped its advance. And in their first year, these modest and devoted undercover fighters, the nascent military secret service, were shaken by violence, intemal strife, cruelty, and murder in what became known as the Be'eri Affair. His bushy eyebrows shielded dark, cavernous eye sockets, and a sardonic smUe often hovered over his thin lips.

Bom in Poland, he was reputed to be an ascetic, a modest man of flawless integrity; but his rivals claimed he was a dangerous and fierce megalomaniac. A longtime member of the Haganah, Big Is ser was the director of a private construction company in Haifa. He was a loner, silent and unsociable, and lived with his wife and son in a small, windswept house in the coastal village of Bat Galim Shortly before the creation of Israel, Be'eri had been appointed head of the Shai by the commanders of the Haganah.

When independence was declared, on May 14, , Israel was attacked fromaU sides by its neighbors, and Be'eri became the head ofthe newbom military secret service.

Be'eri was active in the left wing of the Labor movement and had excellent political connections. His friends and colleagues praised his devotion to the defense of Israel The Independence War would go on until April Yet, soon after Be'eri became head of the secret service, strange, blood-curdling events — seemingly unrelated — started to happen. A couple of hikers on Mount Carmel made a grisly discovery. In a deep guUy at the foot of the mountain they found a half-burned body riddled with bullets.

It was identified as a well-known Arab informant ofthe service. Ah Kassem His assassins had shot him, and then tried to bum his body.

Ben-Gurion was stunned. Great Britain had been the ruling power in Palestine before the establishment of the State of Israel; the Haganah carried an underground struggle against its restrictions on the Jewish community.

British intelligence had frequently tried to plant their spies inside the Jewish leadership. But Abba Hushi, a pillar of the Jewish community and the charismatic leader of Haifa's workers — a traitor? It seemed impossible. At first, Israel's leaders who were in the know indignantly dismissed Be'eri's accusation.

Being a lover of spy fiction I have across Mossad in many thrillers. Many online articles also make the same claim. When I learnt about this non-fiction book which claims to tell the stories of the greatest missions of the agency, I knew I had to get the book.

I was expecting that the book would probably throw light on the spectacular success stories of the agency. There are 21 chapters in the book — each tells the story of a different mission. You will see Mossad agents hunting Nazi war criminals in South America, apprehending deserters, assassinating enemies, and even carrying out rescue operations involving Jews in hostile nations.

One mission stood out when Mossad had been tasked with rescuing a child kidnapped by his Orthodox grandfather and smuggled abroad with the help of some powerful people. Once, Mossad also made a Nazi war hero work for them. Each mission reads like a spy thriller. Not some outlandish James Bond adventure — but, something more realistic. The authors have included thirty odd pages of bibliography at the end of the book and claimed to use the most reliable information sources.

But, in my humble opinion when Mossad is involved — we can never be sure of anything. The authors might have spared no effort but still! We will probably never know the complete truth. Nevertheless, the book was an entertaining read. It would have been better if the authors had included some geo-political background. It would have allowed readers to better understand the context. We can debate the legality or ethics of these missions endlessly — people had been assassinated and at times even innocents died.

I would only say that if you find the content interesting then you might want to give the book a try. While reading it was found that Page No to is missing, page no continued till page no, then it again starts from page no Page onwards repeated again. Total hapazard binding. We would unable to recognize the same unless you read the book. As refund timeline already over, hence unable to refund it now.

This book is very good for those who like to understand the world of espionage. This book is about success and failures of mossad in achieving the task of national security. Its an intense real time thriller and gives an interesting insight to the real adventures of world deadly secret service agency Mossad. Both the author's not only written about the triumph of the Mossad but also about its failure and embarrassment. Grateful to Amazon for recommending me this book. This book which is about the clandestine operations carried out by Israel's intelligence agency over a varied time line is one highly engrossing read.

The writers unfold these operations in a simple story telling manner and captivate readers successfully with their words. A must read if you admire the way secret services function. Very inspiring book. Appears well researched. The book is unputdownable. Thoroughly enjoyed reading. One of the best books I have read in recent times.

One of the best books on spy category. The narrative is a super and gives you almost a vivid description of the missions. It is also the most enigmatic, shrouded in secrecy.

The Greatest Missions of the Israeli Secret Service unveils the defi ning and most dangerous operations that have shaped Israel and the world at large from the agency's than sixty-year history, among them: Through intensive research and exclusive interviews with Israeli leaders and Mossad agents, authors Michael Bar-Zohar and Nissim Mishal re-create these missions in riveting detail, vividly bringing to life the heroic operatives who risked everything in the face of unimaginable danger.

In the words of Shimon Peres, president of Israel, this gripping, white-knuckle read tells what should have been known and isn't?

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